Your domain is the first step to a successful online business presence. With your domain name, you can create a home for your website, add a professional touch to your email address or integrate your business with Google Apps or Office 365. You can choose from dozens of domain endings. No one “owns” a domain name any more than someone “owns” a telephone number.Registered domain names passed in the first quater of 2017 to 330 Million mark.It can be difficult coming up with a good domain that is not taken, and you may find that your first choice of domain has already been registered. Check here with Nominet
The Registrant, Office Registry
The “registrant” is the individual or organisation that has registered a specific domain name. This individual or organisation holds the exclusive right to use that specific domain name for a specified period of time, provided certain conditions are met and the registration fees are paid. Nominet, is the official registry for .UK domain names.
Registering A Domain Name
When a domain name is registered we have to submit certain details to the central registrar for that domain name type including:
- Registrant status (Individual / Company / Legal Entity)
- If you are a registered company or charity, your registration number
- Registrant postal address
- Contact name
- Contact details
The Domain Name System(DNS)
The Domain Name System(DNS) is like a directory for all websites on the Internet. It converts text-based domain names into a set of numbers known as Internet Protocol (IP addresses). A top-level domain is one of the domains at the highest level in the hierarchical Domain Name System of the Internet. The top-level domain names are installed in the root zone of the name space.
The most common TLDs are .com, .net, and .org. Some others are .biz, .info, and .ws. These common TLDs all have certain guidelines, but are generally available to any registrant, anywhere in the world. In 2009, there were “only” 280 top-level domains in existence – most of them so-called “country code” domains like the United Kingdom’s .uk or Germany’s .de. There are now more than 1,000 top-level domains (TLDs) for internet addresses, covering everything from .abb to .zw!
The .org.uk domain covers everything that is not-for-profit in the UK – championing the traditional British sense of community spirit. If you’re passionate about your cause and want others to get involved, .org.uk offers a simple way to build your online presence in like-minded company. Dependable. Safe. Responsible.
What is DNS Propagation?
When you make a change to your DNS records or update your domain(s) nameservers, you need to wait a certain amount of time before these changes are fully reflected across the internet. This is because DNS records are cached by what’s known as a DNS resolver. The job of a resolver is to help speed up browsing and reduce overall traffic by reducing the number of DNS lookups that are made to translate domain names to IP addresses. The time it takes for a resolvers cache to expire and a new lookup to be made is defined as DNS propagation.
The maximum amount of time a resolver will cache a lookup for is known as the record’s ‘Time to Live’ (TTL) value. There are two key cases to remember when it comes to propagation and TTL values:
1. Changes to DNS Records
If you’re not changing your domain(s) nameservers but just updating records on existing nameservers, the time taken for propagation should be relatively quick. This is because the TTL for the records is being controlled by the operator of the nameserver, and it’s very rare you will see a provider offering TTLs of more than 4 hours. The TTL given out by our nameservers is 3600 seconds (1 hour). So if you’re making a change to your records on our nameservers it won’t take long to propagate.
2. Changes to your Domain(s) Nameservers
Nameserver changes are the slowest propagating, and can take up to 48 hours to propagate worldwide. This is because nameservers’ records are retrieved from the root nameservers, which most commonly give out a large TTL value of 2 days (172800 seconds) – or more – causing DNS resolvers to cache these lookups for a long time.